Chlamydia is common sexually transmitted disease. Unfortunately, number of cases of chlamydia is steadily increasing. This disease is leader among genital infections – every year around hundred million people in the world get sick, which is three times more than those infected with gonorrhea. In order that disease doesn`t give complications and is easily cured, it`s important to promptly consult doctor who, for corresponding symptoms of chlamydia in men, will prescribe necessary treatment.
Risk groups include both men and women aged 15 to 25 years. Men of other age categories, although not at risk, can also get disease. Such spread of chlamydia is associated with course of disease and characteristics of its development: duration of incubation period, absence of pronounced symptoms or weak signs of their presence.
Causative agents of chlamydia
Causative agent of chlamydia in men is immobile spherical microorganism – chlamydia, which doesn`t belong to either virus or bacteria. When chlamydia enters male body, lesion of epithelial cells of various organs is formed: Urethra, Mouth cavity, Seed ducts, Eyes mucosa.
Vital activity of microorganism and its structure is much more complicated than that of other viruses. Adverse conditions contribute to fact that they fall into “hibernation”, wait for certain time and become more active at moment of reduced immunity of man.
How chlamydia develops?
When it enters the body, chlamydia, like viruses, penetrate tissues of epithelial cells and stick to membranes. Since they have minimum ability to move, implementation is very slow. Epithelium cells themselves begin to absorb stuck pathogen. Once inside, chlamydia is invulnerable to harmful factors from outside and begins to adversely affect affected cell by exchanging information with it at genetic level. After introduction it is no longer possible to have effect on microorganism with drugs – in this it is similar to virus.
Chlamydia introduced into human tissue provoke each infected cell to form new ones. Their quantitative composition grows regularly and with time, with highest number, affected epithelial cell is already destroyed. After its destruction, new chlamydia, burst out, are introduced into healthy cells and this cycle repeats. In body, there are two forms of chlamydia: extracellular and intracellular.
With help of blood and chlamydia lymph flow through body, and as consequence of chlamydia, internal organs of human, oral cavity and eye mucosa are damaged. Unprotected sex (vaginal or anal) increases likelihood of infection from patient by 50 percent. Since chlamydia cannot live outside body, probability of domestic infection is minimal. Therefore, toilet, swimming pool, bath, joint utensils, towels aren`t the cause of disease.
Ways of infection
Chlamydia can enter man’s body in following ways:
- Sexual pathway – engaging in unprotected vaginal or anal sex, people are 90% exposed to risk of infection. There is a possibility of penetration of the pathogenic virus into the body during oral sex.
- Domestic way – probability of disease is minimal, since chlamydia outside body can live only few days.
- Vertical path – bacteria are transmitted from mother to baby by birth canal. In this case, diagnosis is made: congenital type of disease.
The first symptoms of chlamydia in men
Fifty percent of male population of chlamydia occurs without obvious symptoms, but person is already infected and dangerous for sex partner. How disease manifests itself:
- Pain when urinating – usually small, but can be strong and sharp.
- Lean and clear discharge from head of penis.
- Unpleasant smell.
- Swelling of testicles.
- Pruritus near urethra.
- Turbid color of urine with streaks of pus, blood, with rectal discharge performance.
Ways to treat chlamydia
The sooner the symptoms are identified, the less likely it is that disease will go into chronic stage and not cause serious consequences. Since chlamydia is intracellular microorganism, only those drugs that have ability to penetrate into epithelial cell are selected. Main group of antibiotics for treatment of chlamydia in men: group of macrolides (Azithromycin, Erythromycin), tetracyclines (Doxycycline), penicillins (Ampicillin).
In addition to antibiotics for treatment of chlamydia, following medications are used:
- Enzyme – drug contains biochemical active substances of both plant and animal origin. Thanks to them, permeability of cell membranes in male body increases. As a result, drugs easily penetrate into cell and destroy the devastating chlamydia, and also remove signs of intoxication, which is very important in acute period of disease. Such drugs as Flogenzym and Wobenzym are considered effective.
- Immune – to stimulate body’s defenses is necessary in treatment of chlamydia. Resistant immunity helps antibacterial agents to fight infection. Patient is prescribed following drugs: Amiksin, Cycloferon.
- Vitamin and mineral complexes – patient is prescribed ascorbic and glutamic acid to stimulate immune system.
- Hepatoprotectors – enhanced and long-term medication during treatment violates activity of liver. Hepatoprotectors reduce negative effects of both drugs and infections on body. The following effective drugs are recommended: Linex and Lactobacterin.
- Antiseptics – designed to treat inflamed areas. These solutions include: Miramistin and Chlorhexidine.